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National Trauma Awareness Month 2018 Resources
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Jet Ski Safety

Jet Skis offer a fun and invigorating ride on the water whether it’s a lake, reservoir, bay, ocean, or river.  However, Jet Ski accidents include 26% of all registered marine vessel accidents in the U.S. It is extremely important for a ski operator to understand his/her watercraft prior to taking it on the water.  It is also an important reminder that the Jet Ski continues to travel in the same direction when the engine is off.  If the power is off, the Jet Ski will not steer. 

Key Safety Points:

·      Lifejackets:  All riders should use a properly fitted US Coast Guard –approved personal floatation device

·      Key:  Securely attach engine cutoff lanyard to your wrist or personal flotation device

·      Distractions:  Stay alert and be aware of your surroundings

·      Drinking:  Now is not a good time!

·      Safe distance:  Avoid passing to close to other vessels, splashing people, & jumping wakes

·      Swim ability:   Know your own swimming abilities/limitations


***Ride within your limits & allow sufficient distance To Stop***


General Resources 



Golf Cart Safety

Golf cart injuries are thought to be uncommon and not often cause critical injury but statistics prove otherwise. According to Kristopher Seluga (Tampa Bay Tribune, 2012), someone dies every week from falling out of a golf cart. He notes that it is often a left turn that catapults the person from the vehicle because the passenger has nothing to hold onto and the rail on the outside acts as a fulcrum sending the person up and over often causing them to land on their head. He also notes that children are at an additional risk because they do not have the ability to brace their feet on the floorboard.


According to Watson, et al. (2008) hospitalization from golf cart mishaps occurs in almost 8% of total injuries with the most common cause of injury falling form the golf cart. Injuries to children account for almost 1/3 of golf cart injuries. According to Vorhies (2014), golf carts are prone to rollover and often weight up to 1,000 pounds making a passenger especially vulnerable if the vehicle rolls over and lands on the person. Golf carts do not enclose the passengers and do not often come with seatbelts. Golf carts do not have brakes on all 4 wheels which allow the vehicle to fishtail and the driver to lose control. Finally, golf carts are meant for golf courses at speeds of around 10 MPH not roadways with speeds of up to 25 MPH. 



Golf cart deaths more common than thought

Golf cart debacle up for debate, but here is the data to consider




State Golf carts laws/regulations




General Resources

Golf Cart Safety Fundamentals

Golf Cart Safety PDF

Guidelines For Safe Use

Golf Cart Safety Training Program




Snowmobile Safety 

Snowmobiling has become a popular winter sport enjoyed by more than 2 million people of all ages in North America. However, the modern snowmobile can weigh in excess of 600 pounds and travel at speeds exceeding 90 miles per hour. Each year snowmobile accidents produce approximately 200 deaths and 14,000 injuries. Excess speed, alcohol, driver inexperience, and poor judgment are the leading causes of accidents. Injuries incurred in children and adults often are extremity fractures, but can involve any organ system. Similar to motor vehicle accidents, multi-system trauma occurs frequently with head injury the leading cause of death.



Snowmobile Injuries in North America

General Resources

Snowmobile Safety Tips 

Snowmobile laws and rules by state

Snowmobile Safety Tips by the Minnesota DNR

Snowmobile Ice Safety Tips from the Minnesota DNR

Snowmobile Safety Tips from Snow Tracks

Snowmobile Safety Courses by State


Printable PDF's

Approved ACSA Snowmobiling Hand Signals

Safe Riding is Great Riding (IASA) Booklet

Snowmobiling Do's and Don'ts

Snowmobiling & Alcohol Don't Mix



Snowmobile Inspection Checklist


Dirt Bike Safety

Off-roading is a recreational activity that can be enjoyed by kids and adults alike, but the risk of injury is present for all when these vehicles are driven across rough and rocky terrain.

Data from the Center for Disease Control (CDC) reports that nonfatal injuries caused by dirt bike accidents increased by 1/3 in 2001 - 2004, the last period for which data is available. Injuries sustained while riding a dirt bike can be painful, life-altering or even fatal, whether racing motocross or traversing trails in the woods.

  • Over 88% of patients were male
  • Nearly 70% of nonfatal injuries occurred in patients 16 and under
  • 12-15 year olds had the highest rate of nonfatal injury
  • More than 70% of accidents were in a natural setting, vs. 20% in motocross
  • Motocross accidents led to more instances of hospitalization vs. natural settings
  • Almost 9% of motocross accidents involved jumping maneuvers
  • About 5% of motocross accidents involved another off-road vehicle


General Resources

Motorcycle Safety Foundation's Dirt Bike Riding Tips

National Off-Highway Vehicle Conservation Council Getting Started in Riding 

Safety Gear for Dirt Bikes

NHTSA Helmet Information

Helmet Safety Information from

How to Be Safe on a Dirt Bike

Safety Tips for Dirt Bikes


Printable PDF's

Tips & Practice Guide for the Off-Highway Motorcyclist



ATV Safety

An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, four-wheeler or quadricycle as defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires, with a seat that is straddled by the operator, along with handlebars for steering control.


Data from the Consumer Product Safety Commission reports that In 2016, there were 337 ATV-related fatalaties and an estimated 101,200 ATV-related, emergency department-treated injuries in the United States. An estimated 26 percent of these involved children younger than 16 years of age.



General Resources

ATV Safety Institute's Golden Rules

Recreational Off-Highway Vehicle Association Safety Rules

Quick Facts for a Safer Ride


Printable PDF's

Tips & Practice Guide for the ATV Rider

Parents, Youngsters & ATV's

ATV Safety Institute Readiness Checklist

State Laws for ATV's

Tips Guide for the recreational off-highway vehicle driver

ATV Infographic



A Few Things to Remember About ATV Safety - CPSC

ATV Safety - Take Knowledge to the Extreme - CPSC


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